Main Article Content
Cities are among the most complex products of human initiative and activity, and they provide us with enormous examples of the diversity of physical forms, economic foundations, and functional models within the framework of urban development and many cities suffer from urban expansion and urban sprawl and change their urban structure (relationships and elements).
This makes the provision of a sustainable urban transport system the main challenge and objective faced by those in the transport sector, Because of its role in resolving pivotal issues related to urban growth, land use, energy consumption and climate change. This is evident in third world cities, especially in the city of Baghdad, as there is a common demand to make public transportation integrated and attractive, with a long-term impact to improve the quality of life in cities.
This research studies the experience of the Brazilian city of Curitiba as a global model for solving problems related to urban transport in developing cities. It can serve as a reference case in the planning of the integrated transport policy and the realization of a practical, efficient and cost-effective transport system, Which was based mainly on the integration of land uses with the public transport system and the road network and the strengthening of the relationship with the administration and the participation of the private sector.