A Hypergraph Structure Depicting Smart Hospital Management Fortified by Blockchain

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Lalitha Pattabiraman, Madhumitha Mohan


In this research work a Smart Hospital is scrutinized as a representative case study for broader IoT applications. The information and details regarding the patient is continuously monitored at home and sent to the doctor automatically without any human intervention. As a scientific mathematical instrument, hypergraphs can be implemented to simulate computer networks, biological networks, data structures, and various other systems. Hypergraphs are often used, to map the objects in the system and the complex relationships between them.Blockchain is defined as a data structure that contains transactional records, which also ensures security, transparency, and decentralization. It can be considered as a chain or records stored in the forms of blocks which are controlled by no single authority. Blockchain is completely open to everyone on the network as it is a distributed ledger. Once information is stored on a block chain, it is strenuous to change or alter it. Each transaction on a blockchain is fortified with a digital signature that proves its legitimacy.While transactions take place on a blockchain, there are nodes on the network that legalize these transactions. Due to the use of encryption and digital signatures, the data stored on the blockchain is tamper-proof and cannot be transformed. In blockchain, the nodes are called as miners and they use the concept of Proof-of-work, in order to process and authorize transactions on the network. In order for a transaction to be valid, each block must refer to the hash of its preceding block.

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