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MANET, the designing of routing protocols had been turning into the principle essential project that meet MANET until now. Furthermore, nodes with closely site visitors load can also additionally exhaust their strength in routing others packets ensuing in volatile community and therefore overall performance deterioration. In this essay we gift a new edition of one of the nicely distinguished reactive routing protocols named Ad Hoc On Demand distance Vector (AODV). he counseled scheme is called, Energy efficient, Load balanced and Stabilized Multi routes- AODV (ELSM-AODV), in which the trails choice is primarily based totally on a composite criterion, named Node Efficiency Factor (NEF) which incorporate all elements which have direct effect at the overall performance stage and existence time of MANET (e.g. strength, speed, distance and site visitors load of nodes). Simulation consequences evidenced that overall performance of the counseled protocol outperform general AODV from factor of view accurate packets shipping ratio, stop to stop put off time, normalized routing load and nodes strength consumption.
To reduce the number of route discovering process, multipath routing protocols makes use of alternate paths to continue packets transmission. Ad Hoc On-demand, multipath distance vector routing protocol or AOMDV, is one of the well-known multipath protocols that relays on the hop count metric to route packets. Nodes that excessively consume energy in time are considered overloaded and are excluded from route discovering, hence nodes with reduced energy variation are selected to route packets.