Main Article Content
Background: This paper investigates the factors that are associated with the effect of the number of born children in Iraq.
Methods: In this work, we aim to determine the contributing factors that affect the number of born children. Multiple and simple linear regression models together with two-sample t-tests were conducted to verify the potential risk factors that affect the born children which include but are not limited to smoking mother, mother age, a mother with the thyroid gland, mothers that use the medicine, preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), high birth weight (HBW), and small for gestational age (SGA). The most important aspects of this study are investigating maternal and paternal factors affecting the number of born children in Iraq. Analyzing and identifying the risk factors that affect the number of born children and those factors that do not the number of born children are part of the contribution.
Results: The multiple regression model predicted that the maternal factors like mother weight ( ), smoking medicine ( ) with (p ≤ 0.05, p ≤ 0.05, p ≤ 0.05, p ≤ 0.05, p ≤ 0.05, p ≤ 0.05) respectively were significantly associated with the effect of the number of born children, while the mother age ( and husband age ( with (p 0.05, and p 0.05) respectively were not significant. Regarding the two-sample t-tests, the first analysis suggested that the smoking mothers significantly affected the number of born children with (p ≤ 0.05). The second analysis shows that the mediation effect of the thyroid gland was not significant with (p 0.05). The third analysis patterning the medicine of the mother did not significantly affect the number of birth children with (p 0.05).
Conclusion: The results obtained from this work predicted that smoking mothers strongly contributed and play a vital role toward the factors affecting the number of born children, these findings would tackle and reduce the higher risk associated with factors that affect the number of born children in Iraq. Most of the existing literature focused on paternal risk factors affecting birth outcomes, while others were restricted to single maternal factors associated with child outcomes. In this study, we thoroughly investigate several maternal factors affecting the number of born children and paternal factors as well.