An Optimized Machine Learning Framework for Detecting Alzheimer's Disease By MRI

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Dr. T. S. Suganya, Dr. K. Geetha, Dr. C. Rajan


Machine learning has extensive application in diverse medical fields.With advancements in medical technologies, access has been given to data for the identification of diseases in theirearly stages. Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a chronic illnessthat will cause degeneration of the brain cells and ultimately will lead to memoryloss. AD causedcognitive mental problems like forgetfulness and confusion, as well as other symptoms such aspsychologicaland behavioralproblems, are further recommended to undergo test procedures usingneuroimagingtechniques. This work's objective is to utilize the machinelearning algorithms for processing the data acquired via neuroimaging technologies for early-stage AD detection. The framework extracts featuresusingcurvelet transform from MRI brain image. This work will also present the Decision Tree, the Adaptive Boosting (AdaBoost), and the Extreme Gradient Boosting (XGBoost) classifiers. In machine learning, Population-Based Incremental Learning (PBIL) is an optimization algorithm, in spite of being simpler than a conventional genetic algorithm, the PBIL algorithm is able to achieve much better results in several cases.PBIL is used to optimize the AdaBoost and XGBoost classifiers to improve AD classification. The experimental outcomes will demonstrate the proposed approach's superior performance over that of other existing approaches.

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