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The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a large-scale, multi-round survey conducted in a representative sample of households throughout India. The primary objective of the study is to analyze the various contributing factors that influence child mortality, such as socioeconomic factors and biological factors, which are correlated with the child morality for the state of Maharashtra from Indian states using the data from NFHS-4 (2015-2016). Whereas Maharashtra is thought to be one of the most densely inhabited, dirty, and recorded the greatest number of underweight children in mortality in demographic literatures. These are the recent focus on Millennium Development Goals where these indicators which are grappling with the elevated risk of child mortality.
In this context, we employed logistic regression, the most popular statistical technique incorporating categorical dependent outcome variables. When the dependent variable is dichotomous, it is utilized to determine the risk factors that affect child mortality.